Regional partnership provides a sustainable, renewable water supply for 2 million people in the metro area.
A look back at the history of Denver’s first water system, which continues to flow today.
Pollinators in peril
Can bumblebees survive the onslaught of pesticides? @bberwyn photo.
Exposure to systemic neonicotinoid pesticides causes queen bumblebees to lay 26 percent fewer eggs. That rate of decline could result in the extinction of some wild bumblebee populations, according to researchers at the University of Guelph.
Specifically, researcher Nigel Raine studied the impact of thiamoxin, one of the commonly used neonicotinoids, finding that exposure reduces the chances of a bumblebee queen starting a new colony by more than a quarter.
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From Climate Interactive (Shanna Edberg):
We know there’s been a lot of bad news on climate change lately. But there is plenty of good news too, and we think it’s just as urgent that people hear the good that is happening around the globe. Recognizing the progress the world has made keeps us hopeful and avoids the feeling of helplessness that can stop us from moving forward and taking action. So Climate Interactive has been gathering reasons to be hopeful about the climate.
Our Co-Director Drew Jones has been sharing this list to live audiences recently, including the Sierra Club and the Citizens’ Climate Lobby (click links for video). He found that it resonated with many climate leaders, and we hope it resonates with you, too. So here are our top 11 reasons for climate hope:
11. US Cities and States Are Acting on the Climate
A citizens’ climate movement is awakening in the United States. After President Trump withdrew from the Paris Climate Agreement, dozens of US states and hundreds of cities, counties, tribes, museums, and universities committed themselves to Paris-level emissions reductions. More than half of the US population now lives in an area that is committed to reducing emissions in line with the Paris Agreement goals. Every week the number of commitments grows, and brings the US closer to its Paris Agreement emissions reductions target.
10. There Is Bipartisan Support for Action in the US Congress
There is also support for climate action in the US federal government – and what’s more, it’s bipartisan. The Climate Solutions Caucus of the US House of Representatives was created in 2016. Composed of an equal number of Democrats and Republicans, the caucus crafts bipartisan legislation dealing with the causes and impacts of climate change. The caucus itself was formed after a long lobbying effort from the Citizens’ Climate Lobby, showing the power of citizen efforts to raise political awareness of climate change.
9. Global CO2 Emissions Are Leveling Off
In order to keep global warming below 2°C, carbon emissions need to peak, and peak soon. And there is evidence that this is already happening. According to the International Energy Agency, global carbon dioxide emissions have remained flat for the past three years, even as the global economy grew. This shows that the world economy is beginning to decarbonize. But while this is a good sign, we must ensure that this is a true peak rather than a pause, and start working to decrease those emissions.
8. Countries Are Setting Prices on Carbon
Forty countries and 24 cities, states, and regions are putting a price on carbon, according to the World Bank. And the carbon price movement is growing – the share of global emissions covered by a carbon price has tripled in the past ten years. Seven out of the 10 largest global economies have now put a price on carbon. What’s more, the World Bank reports that a rapidly growing number of companies have begun to use internal carbon pricing in the past year, and more international platforms have been introduced to encourage the uptake of carbon prices around the world.
7. We Are Hitting the Tipping Point on Renewable Energy
There is a feedback loop for renewable energy production: as demand for renewable energy goes up, R&D, economies of scale, and public acceptance of renewable energy technologies all rise. This brings the cost of producing renewable energy down, which in turn reduces the price of renewable energy. This price drop continues the cycle, as demand for renewables rises when the price goes down, and yet more renewable energy is diffused. The good news is that this virtuous cycle is well under way, as seen by the incredible drops in the cost of wind and solar technology in the past several years. In fact, Bloomberg predicts that solar power will become the cheapest energy source almost everywhere in the world within the next ten years. The market is driving these changes, but with the implementation of clean energy subsidies and/or carbon pricing, this cycle will accelerate even further.
6. Chinese Coal Consumption Is Going Down
China is the world’s biggest producer and consumer of coal, but it may be turning a corner. Although Chinese coal production and consumption rose hugely during the 2000s, it appears to have peaked in the 2010s and is now beginning to decline. Along with this change, China’s renewable energy sector is flourishing, growing faster than its fossil fuel and nuclear power capacity.
5. The Paris Climate Agreement Is Coordinating International Action
The Paris Agreement, adopted in December 2015, was an important breakthrough in the international negotiations on climate change. Despite President Trump’s recent high-profile exit from the Agreement, it continues to provide a powerful framework for 194 countries in the world to work together to set and address climate goals. While the current emissions pledges in the Agreement do not limit us to 2°C of warming, with increased action to reduce fossil fuel emissions, the participating countries could set the world on a path to 2°C or lower.
4. We Are Multisolving – Realizing the Multiple Benefits of Climate Action
As if climate change alone wasn’t enough reason to stop burning fossil fuels, we are finding out more about the ways that preventing climate change can also bring about economic, health, and other co-benefits. For example, planting a tree sequesters carbon emissions, which helps reduce climate change. But that tree will also clean the air and soil around it, provide cooling shade in the summer, and reduce the noise of city life. Another example: designing a neighborhood to be walkable will reduce the number of cars on the road, but it will also increase the health of residents and help those who can’t afford a car. We call these intersections of climate, justice, and well-being multisolving, and it is encouraging to see that so many problems can be addressed with the same budget and intervention. Also, when we keep these connections in mind, we can forge alliances with groups fighting for better healthcare, for social justice, and for many other causes.
In short, we are realizing that acting on climate pays dividends.
3. Social Change Looks Impossible, Until It’s Completed
How long does it take to accomplish long-term change? In the US, Bloomberg found there’s a pattern: a few pioneers will get out ahead of the issue, and then years or decades later a key event (such as a landmark court case or the maturation of a grassroots campaign) will take place that ushers in a cascade of new supporters, and finally a federal law on the issue. What’s more, the pace of social change seems to be accelerating: it took centuries for interracial marriage to go from being acceptable in a few US states to becoming federal law, whereas gay marriage took a little more than a decade to make the same transition. These booms that bring about change often seem unpredictable, even on the cusp of such an event.
The world ended the slave trade in the 19th century and apartheid in the 20th. If we keep up the pressure, then climate change could be the next frontier for global change.
2. We Are Divesting from Fossil Fuels
Beginning as a movement in 2011, young people on campuses across the US were determined that their college or university should not be putting money into fossil fuels, and urged their schools to divest their endowments away from fossil fuel companies. Today, 668 institutions around the world have joined the divestment movement, representing governments, NGOs, faith-based organizations, educational institutions, and more. The Guardian reports that this has been the fastest-growing divestment movement in history, and almost $5.5 trillion in global assets has been divested thus far.
1. Standing Rock Shows the Promise of Grassroots Activism
In early 2016 in the midwestern United States, a diverse coalition of Native American tribes began to protest the construction of the Dakota Access underground oil pipeline that was an impending threat to their water supply and sacred sites. The protests escalated over a period of months, and the original protesters were joined in support by 87 Native American governments, Black Lives Matter supporters, indigenous leaders in South America, and other civil rights and environmental groups. After several twists, turns, victories, and setbacks, the pipeline became operational in June 2017. However, a federal judge has ruled that the permit authorizing the pipeline violated the law, and the Standing Rock Sioux tribe has filed a brief to ask for the pipeline to be shut down while a more thorough environmental review is conducted.
This incredible protest showed the power of a grassroots movement led by Native Americans and those most vulnerable to fossil fuel exploitation. It showed that we can pull together and make common cause with diverse coalitions to protect indigenous sovereignty and land rights while working to keep fossil fuels in the ground. To keep the momentum going, we must continue to reach across traditional boundaries and build support to make a better world for all.
Climate Change Is a Fixable Problem
If there’s anything that these signs of hope show, it’s that we can do it. It may take a strong, coordinated, and global effort to keep fossil fuels in the ground and spread renewable energy, but we can do it. We know what it takes to reduce climate change, and we know that we must move forward together.
Think about your role in this effort – seeing all these reasons for hope, all of these effective strategies, what part could you play? Could you ask your organization to divest from fossil fuels, or pressure your elected officials for a carbon price, or add to the demand for renewable energy, or join a coalition like the Standing Rock activists?
Whatever you choose to do, always keep this in mind:
It’s not going to be easy. It’s going to be worth it.
From Colorado Politics (Marianne Goodland):
Almost 8 million acre-feet of water has left Colorado in the past 20 years that the state could have kept, according to preliminary data from a legislative-commissioned study expected later this year…
That takes us to what happened to that 8 million acre-feet of water on the South Platte. It went to Nebraska. There’s a compact, like a contract, between Colorado and Nebraska, dating from 1923, that dictates that a certain amount of water from the South Platte goes to Nebraska, which preserves the river’s downstream environment and aquatic wildlife.
The 8 million acre-feet exceeds what Colorado was legally required to send to Nebraska. But the problem for Colorado is that there’s no place to put that water.
Lawmakers and water experts have been jawing about the lost water problem for years. In 2016, Rep. J. Paul Brown of Ignacio sponsored a bill to put some teeth into the conversations, by asking how much water is being lost to Nebraska and where it can be stored.
The final answer won’t be known until the end of this year, but earlier this month, an interim water committee at the state Capitol took a first look at the data and some of the sites where storage might happen.
It’s not an easy conversation. Building new reservoirs takes decades and often has to survive lawsuits and complicated federal and state permitting processes.. Look at the Northern Integrated Supply Project near Fort Collins, which could lead to a new reservoir and expansion of a second. The project is in its 14th year and will likely take another five or six years to get through all the permitting. In the life of a reservoir, that’s short. Compare that to the Animas-La Plata reservoir in southwestern Colorado, where construction was declared finished in 2013. The project began construction in 1968.
While new storage is definitely possible for that South Platte water, other storage ideas are being considered in the study. According to Andy Moore, a senior water resources specialist with the Colorado Water Conservation Board, the state’s primary water agency, 147 sites were identified on first blush for water storage.
Those sites fall into three categories: new reservoirs, rehabilitating and/or expanding existing reservoirs, or refilling underground storage. That’s water that would be pumped into aquifers, which are underground rock formations that hold water. Colorado has four major aquifers, with the three largest all along the Eastern Slope. In 2000, the South Platte aquifer, according to the Colorado Foundation for Water Education, served about 70 percent of the Front Range population.
The site list has been pared down several times, to eliminate sites too far from the main body of the South Platte or for sites that were too small to be useful. That leaves 16 sites, mostly in northeastern Colorado. Over the next several months, those sites will be evaluated for cost, benefits and other factors.
The first look at possible storage along the South Platte was welcomed by Chris Treese, external affairs manager for the Colorado River Water Conservancy District, the water agency in charge of the Colorado. “The Western Slope has long thought that as Coloradans we’re in the water world together, but every basin should look to own resources and capabilities first before looking for outside resources,” he said.
Treese wasn’t surprised by the numbers. “This is what Brown and others in the South Platte have been saying – that it’s a problem with a suitable storage location.” He added that the study will identify whether storage is “one silver bullet or a lot of smaller opportunities.”
Rep. Jeni Arndt of Fort Collins, a Democrat who chairs the House Agriculture, Livestock and Natural Resources Committee, favors refilling aquifers first and looking at other possibilities next. Arndt sponsored a bill, signed into law this year by the governor, that allows the state engineer to set up rules for the use of water that is pumped into nontributary aquifers. Those are aquifers not connected to surface water, like rivers.
Refilling aquifers, Arndt told Colorado Politics, is environmentally friendly, with less evaporation and less permitting. It is also practical from a political standpoint, she said, meaning that there should be less opposition to refilling aquifers than to building new reservoirs.
Refilling is “appealing, makes sense, it’s cost effective and it’s politically doable,” she said.
Brown was pleased with the study’s first data.
“This is the kind of information needed to make good decisions about what to do on the South Platte,” he said this week. He pointed out that the Arkansas, Rio Grande and Colorado rivers all have instream storage, and the only place without it is the South Platte.
For years, “the low-hanging fruit has been West Slope water,” Brown explained. And while Colorado has always delivered its Colorado River water as it should under the compact, the supply is just not there anymore. “It’s not just a West Slope issue – it’s an issue for the entire state. People who know water are very interested in making sure we don’t waste any and don’t send any more water to Nebraska than what they’re entitled to.”
From The Montrose Press:
Rep. Daneya Esgar, D-Pueblo, was named…to the legislative Water Resources Review Committee, which convenes when the legislature is not in session to study and recommend policies to promote the conservation and responsible use of Colorado’s water resources.
The WRRC and the Colorado Water Conservation Board play major roles in the implementation of the Colorado Water Plan, the state’s first comprehensive management plan for its most precious natural resource.
Rep. Esgar’s appointment was announced by Speaker Crisanta Duran. Esgar takes the place of Majority Leader KC Becker, who resigned to devote more of her time to her House leadership role.