Click this link to read the discussion from the Climate Prediction Center:
ENSO Alert System Status: La Niña Advisory
Synopsis: La Niña is likely to continue into the Northern Hemisphere spring (77% chance during March-May 2022) and then transition to ENSO-neutral (56% chance during May-July 2022).
Below-average sea surface temperatures (SSTs) weakened during January 2022, though anomalies stayed negative across most of the east-central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. Most of the weekly ENSO indices remained between -0.5oC and -1.0oC in the last week, except for the Niño-4 index, which was -0.2oC. In contrast, subsurface temperatures (averaged between 180o- 100oW and 0-300m depth) trended to near average during the month. This large change in recent weeks reflected the eastward progression of a downwelling Kelvin wave, as indicated by the extension of above-average subsurface temperatures across much of the Pacific. Below -average subsurface temperatures were confined to the eastern Pacific Ocean at the end of the month. For the monthly mean, low-level equatorial winds were near average across much of the Pacific, while upper-level westerly wind anomalies remained over the east-central Pacific Ocean. Below-average convection strengthened near and west of the Date Line, while convection was near average over Indonesia. Overall, the coupled ocean-atmosphere system reflected a weakening La Niña.
The IRI/CPC plume average for the Niño-3.4 SST index continues to forecast a transition to ENSO-neutral during the NorthernHemisphere spring. Because the easterly tradewinds have recently been strengthening and are predicted to continue in the near term, the forecaster consensus favors those models suggesting as lower decay of LaNiña through the spring. However,ENSO-neutral is still anticipated to return by the Northern Hemisphere summer, although the chance does not exceed 57% duringJune-August 2022, reflecting the uncertainty associated with the spring predictability barrier. In summary, La Niña is likely to continue into the Northern Hemisphere spring (77% chance during March- May 2022) and then transition to ENSO-neutral (56% chance during May-July; click CPC/IRI consensus forecast for the chances in each 3-month period).
La Niña is anticipated to affect temperature and precipitation across the United States during the upcoming months (the 3-month seasonal temperature and precipitation outlooks will be updated on Thurs. Feb. 17th).