Bear 747 is the 2022 #FatBearWeek Champion

Queen – We Are The Champions (Live Aid 1985)

Navajo Dam operations update (October 13, 2022): Bumping up to 600 cfs #SanJuanRiver #ColoradoRiver #COriver #aridification

Navajo Dam spillway via Reclamation.

From email from Reclamation (Susan Novak Behery):

In response to dry weather and decreasing flows in the critical habitat reach, the Bureau of Reclamation has scheduled an increase in the release from Navajo Dam from 450 cubic feet per second (cfs) to 600 cfs for tomorrow, October 13th, at 4:00 AM.

Releases are made for the authorized purposes of the Navajo Unit, and to attempt to maintain a target base flow through the endangered fish critical habitat reach of the San Juan River (Farmington to Lake Powell).  The San Juan River Basin Recovery Implementation Program recommends a target base flow of between 500 cfs and 1,000 cfs through the critical habitat area.  The target base flow is calculated as the weekly average of gaged flows throughout the critical habitat area from Farmington to Lake Powell. 

#Colorado Issues Suncor Permit But Also Demands Tougher Monitoring — The North #Denver News

Suncor Refinery with Sand Creek in the foreground July 9, 2022. Photo credit: Allen Best/Big Pivots

Click the link to read the article on The North Denver News website (James Python). Here’s an excerpt:

Colorado air pollution regulators have issued one of the Suncor refinery‚Äôs two long-delayed permit renewals, while also strengthening rules on how the company must carry out a new air monitoring law to protect neighbors. The EPA also signaled it no longer objects to the Plant 2 permit for Suncor after the state made some revisions. But clean air advocates who have long fought Suncor‚Äôs high-pollution presence in Commerce City just north of Denver said they will renew efforts to block the permit…

Suncor has two permits from the Air Pollution Control Division. Suncor submitted a renewal application for Plants 1 and 3 in 2008, and that is still under review by the division. Many Colorado polluters are allowed to continue operating under the conditions of expired permits while the state works through a backlog of dozens of applications and renewals. Suncor, which primarily refines gasoline and asphalt from petroleum at the Commerce City complex, is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in Colorado. The state-issued permit also has specific limits on individual pollutants such as nitrogen oxide or sulfur dioxide. The state on Aug. 18 said after incorporating public comments and staff reviews, it was sending the required air monitoring plan back to Suncor with additional requirements. Colorado is demanding Suncor report data on 14 different compounds emitted beyond the borders of the plant, in addition to the three required in the 2021 law that targeted Suncor and a handful of other emitters of toxic substances. The three chemicals originally targeted by the law were benzene, hydrogen cyanide and hydrogen sulfide.

Other changes Colorado wants from Suncor to stiffen the air monitoring include:

– Additional monitoring resources to fully encompass the refinery complex, and to make air monitoring continuous. The new requirement includes an additional monitor along Brighton Boulevard, and more advanced equipment to detect hydrogen sulfide at lower levels.

– Updating online emissions data every five minutes.

– Using lower thresholds of emissions that would prompt public emergency notifications.

– Add more nonemergency notifications that are for ‚Äúinformational purposes.‚ÄĚ

РThere will be two tiers of notifications under the state’s demands for Suncor: An emergency level, which will go out to all citizens with cellphones, though the public can choose to turn off those notifications; and an optional level, with much lower thresholds well below those with health impacts, where residents can opt in for the alerts. Suncor has until Nov. 1 to address the state’s demands for the additional monitoring provisions.

The blistering #heat of the summer continued into the fall. Last month was the 5th warmest September on record for the Lower 48 says @NOAA — @DroughtCenter

Nevada and Utah had their warmest September in 128 years. Every western state was in the top 10. Over 73% of the region is in #drought.

Assessing the U.S. #Climate in September 2022: Fifth-warmest September on record; heatwave brought record temperatures to the West — NOAA

Click the link to read the assessment on the NOAA website:

Key Points:

– The¬†average temperature of the contiguous U.S.¬†in September was 68.1¬įF, which is 3.2¬įF above average, ranking fifth warmest in the 128-year record. Generally¬†temperatures¬†were above average in the Great Lakes to Northeast with record warmth across much of the West.

September precipitationfor the contiguous U.S. was 1.83 inches, 0.66 inch below average, ranking 10th driest on record.Precipitationwas above average across the Northeast, Florida, and much of the central Rockies to California. Precipitation was below average across the Pacific Northwest, Plains to Mississippi Valley, Great Lakes and parts of the Southeast.

РThe U.S. has experienced 15 weather and climate disasters each incurring losses that exceeded $1 billion this year. This is also a record eighth-consecutive year where the U.S. experienced 10 or more billion-dollar disasters.

Hurricane Ian made landfall in Florida on September 28 as a strong Category 4 hurricane resulting in major flooding, damage and loss of life. Ian created additional damage as it made landfall in South Carolina as a Category 1 hurricane.

– Hurricane Fiona brought massive flooding and structural damage to Puerto Rico on September 18, with some areas receiving 12-18 inches of rain.

РRemnants of Typhoon Merbok pounded Alaska’s western coast on September 17, becoming the strongest storm to enter the Bering Sea during September in 70 years.

– In early September, nearly 1,000 heat records were broken over the western United States.

– According to the September 27U.S. Drought Monitor report, about 50.9% of the contiguous United States was in drought. Severe to exceptional drought was widespread from the Great Basin to the Pacific Coast, across portions of the Great Plains, and in Hawaii, with moderate to severe drought in parts of the Northeast.

Other Highlights:

Temperature 

For the month of September, Nevada and Utah ranked warmest on record. In addition to this record warmth, near-record temperatures were widespread across the West. California, Idaho, Wyoming and Arizona each had their second warmest September, with four additional states experiencing a top-five warmest September on record.

For the¬†July-September¬†period, the average contiguous U.S. temperature was 73.0¬įF, 2.8¬įF above average, ranking as warmest on record for this 3-month period.¬†Temperatures¬†were above average across most of the contiguous U.S. with record warmth blanketing much of the West.¬†California,¬†Nevada,¬†Oregon,¬†Washington,¬†Idaho,¬†Montana,¬†Wyoming,¬†Colorado¬†and¬†Utah¬†each had their warmest July-September period on record. Seven additional states experienced a top-five warmest event for this three-month period.¬†

For the January-September period, the average contiguous U.S. temperature was 56.8¬įF, 1.7¬įF above average, ranking in the warmest third of the record.Temperatureswere above average from the West Coast to the Gulf Coast and from the Gulf to New England.Californiaranked third warmest and¬†Florida¬†ranked fourth warmest on record for this period. Temperatures were near average across parts of the Upper Midwest and northern Plains.

The¬†Alaska statewide September temperature¬†was 43.0¬įF, 2.4¬įF above the long-term average. This ranked in the warmest third of the 98-year period of record for the state.Temperatureswere above average across much of the state with portions of southwest Alaska experiencing near-average conditions for the month.

The Alaska January-September temperature was 32.6¬įF, 2.5¬įF above the long-term average, ranking in the warmest third of the record for the state.Above-average temperatures¬†were observed across much of the state with portions of the North Slope and eastern interior regions experiencing near-average conditions for this nine-month period.

Precipitation 

Dry conditions across the central U.S. resulted in Oklahoma ranking fifth driest while Mississippi had its eighth-driest September on record. Arkansas, Missouri and South Dakota each had their 10th driest September on record. No state experienced a top-10 wettest September. 

The January-September precipitation total for the contiguous U.S. was 21.53 inches, 1.67 inches below average, ranking in the driest third of the historical record.Precipitationwas above average across parts of the Northeast, Appalachian Mountains, Ohio and Tennessee River valleys, lower Mississippi Valley, and parts of the Great Lakes, Southwest and Northwest. Precipitation was below average across much of the West, central and southern Plains and parts of the East Coast during the January-September period. California ranked driest on record while Nebraska ranked sixth driest and Texas ranked eighth driest for this nine-month period.

Monthly precipitation averaged across the state of Alaska was 6.76 inches, 2.19 inches above average, ranking as the third-wettest September in the 98-year record.Much of the state was wetter-than-average, with portions of the Aluetians and lower Panhandle experiencing near-average conditions during the month. 

The January-September precipitation ranked wettest on record for Alaska, with above-average precipitation observed across all but the northeast Interior and Aleutian regions.

Other Notable Events

September had several notable storms that brought destruction and flooding to portions of the United States and its territories:

– On September 9, Tropical Storm Kay impacted California with gusty winds and heavy rains causing mudslides.

РThe powerful remnants of Typhoon Merbok pounded Alaska’s western coast on September 17, pushing homes off their foundations and tearing apart protective berms as water flooded communities. This was the strongest storm to enter the Bering Sea during September in 70 years.

– On September 18, Hurricane Fiona brought massive flooding to Puerto Rico with some areas receiving 12-18 inches of rain. One station reported 27.14 inches of rain in a 24-hour period.

– Hurricane Ian, with 150 mph sustained winds, made landfall in southwest Florida as a strong Category 4 hurricane on September 28, resulting in major flooding, damage and loss of life.

РOn September 30, Ian, with 85 mph sustained winds, created additional damage as it made landfall in South Carolina as a Category 1 hurricane. 

– A heatwave settled over the West the first week of September and brought scorching temperatures that set all-time record highs. By September 9, nearly 1,000 heat records were broken.

– As of October 5, there were 57 active wildfires in the Pacific Northwest (Idaho, Montana and Oregon) that burned over 660,000 acres to date across the region.

Drought

According to the September 27 U.S. Drought Monitor report, about 50.9 percent of the contiguous United States was in drought, up about 5.4 percent from the end of August. Drought conditions expanded or intensified across portions of the Mississippi Valley, central and northern Plains, Northwest, Southeast and parts of the Great Lakes. Drought contracted or was eliminated across portions of the Southwest, southern Plains, Northeast and Puerto Rico.

Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters

From January through the end of September, the U.S. experienced 15 weather and climate disasters each incurring losses that exceeded $1 billion. These disasters included: 10 severe storms, two tropical cyclones, one flooding event, one combined drought and heat wave and one regional wildfire event.

Six new events have been added since the mid-year update including: Hurricanes Ian and Fiona, the Western wildfires, the Kentucky/Missouri flooding and two severe storm events.

The loss of human life this year from these disaster events exceeds 340 people, with assessments ongoing due to recent hurricane impacts in Florida and Puerto Rico. There were more than 100 lives lost in both Hurricane Ian and from the summer heatwaves in the Western U.S.

Total loss due to property and infrastructure damage to-date is up to $29.3 billion‚ÄĒbut this does not yet include the costs for Hurricane Ian, the Western Wildfires and Hurricane Fiona, which may push the 2022 total closer to $100 billion, a total reached in four of the last five years.

This is also a record eighth-consecutive year where the U.S. experienced 10 or more billion-dollar disasters.

The U.S. has sustained 338 weather and climate disasters since 1980 where overall damages/costs reached or exceeded $1 billion (including CPI adjustment to 2022). The total cost of these 338 events exceeds $2.295 trillion.

Monthly Outlook

According to the September 30 One-Month Outlook from the Climate Prediction Center, much of the contiguous U.S. from Florida to the West Coast, as well as much of Alaska, have the greatest chance of seeing above-normal monthly temperatures in October, whereas the greatest chance for below-normal temperatures is projected to occur across portions of the Mid-Atlantic. Portions of the Southwest, Mid-Atlantic and Alaska are projected to have the greatest chance of above-normal monthly total precipitation, while the greatest chance for below-normal precipitation is favored to occur from the Gulf of Mexico to the northern Plains and into New England. Drought is likely to persist across much of the West, central Plains and Hawaii with some improvement and/or drought removal likely along the Mid-Atlantic coastline. Drought development is likely from the southern Plains to the southern Mississippi Valley, as well as across portions of the central and northern Plains.

According to the One-Month Outlook issued on October 1 from the National Interagency Fire Center, southwest California, Hawaii and portions of the southern Plains and Mississippi Valley have above normal significant wildland fire potential during October

U.S. 2022-2027 Global #Water Strategy — U.S. Department of State

(Click to enlarge)

Click the link to read the strategy on the Department of State website:

The global water crisis threatens U.S. national security and prosperity. Water insecurity endangers public health, undermines economic growth, deepens inequalities, and increases the likelihood of conflict and state failure. Strong water, sanitation, and hygiene services, finance, governance, and institutions are critical to increasing resilience in the face of global shocks and stressors, such as the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change.

The 2014 Water for the World Act requires that USAID and the Department of State deliver a whole-of-government Global Water Strategy to Congress, beginning in 2017 and refreshing it every five years until 2032 (see the 2017 Global Water Strategy). The 2022 strategy will operationalize the first-ever White House Action Plan on Global Water Security that Vice President Kamala Harris launched in June 2022.

Strategic Objectives

Under this strategy, the U.S. government will work through four interconnected and mutually reinforcing strategic objectives:

РStrengthen sector governance, financing, institutions, and markets;   

РIncrease equitable access to safe, sustainable, and climate-resilient water and sanitation services, and the adoption of key hygiene behaviors; 

– Improve climate-resilient conservation and management of freshwater resources and associated ecosystems; and

– Anticipate and reduce conflict and fragility related to water.

New Priorities

This strategy advances new priorities, such as:

– Going beyond community-managed services for a comprehensive, professionalized, and scalable approach;

– Prioritizing local leadership of water and sanitation systems and services;

– Integrating climate resilience to respond to the growing threat that climate change poses to water security; and

– Increasing coherent implementation across humanitarian, development, and peacebuilding contexts.

Affordable Housing a Winner, Psychedelics a Loser — The Buzz @FloydCiruli

Click the link to read the post on The Buzz website (Floyd Ciruli):

Colorado voters will pick their way through 11 ballot issues. With inflation and crime top issues, affordable housing may become the most and psychedelic drugs the least popular propositions.

Cornerstone Residences at St. Francis Center is a 50-unit community offering one and two bedroom apartments with a ‚Äúproject-based‚ÄĚ housing subsidy attached to each residence provided through Denver Housing Authority. Photo credit: Archway Communities

The last decade in Colorado increased the urban, youth and independent (unaffiliated) vote. Polls show among these groups affordable housing, a sub-set of inflation, is a primary issue. It could benefit Proposition 123 that creates a fund to “reduce rents, purchase land for affordable housing developments,” address homelessness, etc. Its passage would put the issue on the state-wide political map.

An initiative (Proposition 122) to decriminalize psychedelic drugs, will likely lose as a victim of the Fentanyl crime scare. Its defeat will signal a retreat from Colorado’s drug decriminalization phase begun in 2012 with marijuana.